The use of antipathetic emotion in literature is a common device that writers employ to convey feelings such as love, happiness and sadness. Antipathy can be used when the reader expects something positive to happen but instead, witness an event that’s exactly the opposite.
One literary work that utilizes this technique is “A Tale of Two Cities” by Charles Dickens. The protagonist, Sydney Carton, is seemingly content with his life until he falls in love with Lucie Manette who also happens to be engaged to another man at the time.
This sudden event creates antipathetic emotion within him because he realizes what could have been his future if he had not fallen for her first and now it would never come true.
Another example of antipathetic emotion is found in “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The protagonist, Jay Gatzmen, falls for the mysterious young woman Daisy Buchanan at a time when he had no prospects and she seemed unattainable to him because she was married to a rich husband.
This event creates an unfathomable feeling that soon becomes antipathy as his feelings are increasingly reciprocated while still being unrequited (i.e., it remains unclear whether or not her feelings will ever be returned).
An occurrence of this type can also be seen in George Orwell’s 1984 where Winston Smith grows up despising the government but eventually begins to believe in its ideology after years of brainwashing from them.