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Pathology is a branch of science that is to do with the study of pathogens or the tiny microbes that live and infect human health. Pathogens are the causal factor for a lot of diseases in the body, and especially when it comes to infections, they are usually caused by bacteria and viruses.

Pathology tests help to identify these pathogens in the body and the diseases that they create in the body. Typing “pathology labs near me” is the best way to identify the top pathology labs in the area of a patient so as to take a pathology test as advised by the doctor or physician. A pathology test is the best way to identify a disease caused by various pathogens, such as bacterial or viral infections.

Pathology Tests and their Types

Pathology tests are one of the best ways to detect any pathogens in the body causing diseases. Pathology tests are advised by doctors or specialists based on symptoms that the patient may exhibit of pathogen-based infection.

But pathology tests have a wide variety of applications not only limited to identifying diseases but also to finding out issues that relate to the cell and cell structure, proliferation, defects, etc. The same applies to tissues, organs and other genetic matter.

The main purpose of pathology tests is to test the symptoms of a disease and, using them, identify and diagnose a disease in the patient. In fact, pathology tests may help reveal the actual cause of diseases in patients. When it comes to various disorders related to genes and cell mutation, pathology tests may be able to offer reasoning and understanding in such cases.

Pathology tests are of various kinds, and based on the requirement of the patient or the investigation suggested by the doctors, the appropriate pathology tests can be chosen. A patient may simply select one of the many path labs by searching for “pathology labs near me” on the internet. Below are some of the basic kinds of pathology tests that are conducted by the pathology labs:

1. Liver panel tests

Liver function tests are the most common liver examination that helps in identifying the various levels of enzymes released by the liver. A surge may indicate liver damage or improper function of the liver.

2. Urinalysis tests

Urinalysis is an important parameter and type of pathogenic test as they help in testing the levels of waste in the urine, and any imbalance may denote infections or kidney function issues.

3. Lipid Panel

Lipid panel helps in identifying potential cholesterol-based issues that may cause damage to organs, especially the heart.

4. Metabolic Panel

This is a basic test that examines the levels of various macro and micronutrients that are essential for organ functioning, such as calcium, sodium, creatinine, glucose etc., all of which help in understanding the effects of treatment and medication taken by the patient

5. Prothrombin Time

This is an important parameter that helps in testing the blood coagulation rate and the clotting ability when the blood is exposed due to injury or wounds. It can prevent clotting-related issues in patients either due to lack of clotting factors or excessive clotting.

6. Complete blood count (CBC)

Another routine blood test that helps in establishing the levels of blood cells, including RBC, WBC, platelets etc. It helps in identifying potential infections by the imbalance in blood cell count.

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